COTABATO CITY – The Regional Darul-Ifta’ in partnership with the Office of the Regional Governor, conducted 3-day ARMM ULAMA’ SUMMIT AGAINST TERRORISM held at SKCC, ORG Compound, Cotabato City on May 12-14, 2017. There are 300 Ulama’, Alimat and A’immah participated in the Summit, mostly coming from the 5 Provinces of ARMM and some from outside of ARMM like Zamboanga Peninsula, Cotabato City, General Santos City, Davao City, Palawan, Manila City, Cebu City and etc.
The Regional Governor of ARMM, Hon. Mujiv S. Hataman said in his speech that this Summit is the responsibility and obligation of Muslims to Allah. Being an elected official, that he is duty-bound for the development of the Religion and State and to promote reforms in governance. He said that, “The Road to success is hampered and endangered due to extremism and terrorism”. He even said that, “Being an Ulama’ and Alimat, is to have mutual relation with the government to counter terrorism because Terrorists is using Islam to justify their violence. There is a need to deeply understand Islam and the right position on Islam. Islam is a religion of peace and is against terrorism.” He further said that there is a necessity to conduct community-based dialogues/initiatives against terrorism. He said that the war on terrorism does not end in the Summit but to bring the peace messages to the community all throughout the times. He ended his speech by asking the Ulama’ to support him and the government in his advocacy against terrorism. ARMM Regional Governor Mujiv Hataman emphasized that, “Kung tayo ang tama dapat mas matapang tayo. Kung nakakakumbinsi ang mali dapat mas madali nating makumbinsi sila ng dalhin sa tama. What we need is unity and to lead the battle.”
After the ARMM Governor, the City Mayor of Cotabato Atty. Frances Cynthia Guiani-Sayadi gave her special message focusing on how the War on terrorism has become the concern of every sector and stakeholder of this country not only in Mindanao. She said that Terrorism involves criminal activities and violence and that there are 3 perspectives of terrorism: the terrorist, the victim and the general public. The Philippines as the 9th place as target of terrorism. Terrorism in the Philippines increases and its threat is growing. She encourages the LGU and Ulama to work together and should exert efforts to counter terrorism. She gave emphasis on the importance of programs and projects on economic development as alternative measure to reduce VET. She said that combating terrorism is not easy task it needs citizen’s involvement and powerful ways to counter terrorism. Terrorism must be stopped and it can only be done through collective efforts of all the stakeholders. Everybody needs to foster social intervention and take solutions step by step. Finally, she urged everybody and said, “Strong as we’re united and weak as we’re disunited”.
Gen. Arnel Dela Vega of the 6th IB Kampilan Division said in his speech that he is honoured to be part of this Ulama Summit against Terrorism. He related that the Philippine Army has been conducting dialogues with the Muslim religious leaders in the different parts of ARMM. This is a great step taken by the Muslim religious leaders and others to address the problem on terrorism. This program should reach out to the provinces and municipalities not only in ARMM but also outside of ARMM.
Shiekh Mohammad Salmann Sakili introduced the participants from the provinces of Basilan, Tawi-Tawi, Sulu and Zamboanga and Shari’ah Legal Councel, Amalnor Malomalo introduced the participants from the provinces of Maguindanao, Lanao and places outside of ARMM like SOCSARGEN, Manila, Cebu, Puerto Princessa, and Ozamis City.
After the introduction, Commissioner of NCMF, Sheikh Abdulwahid Inju gave his special message. He related the Vision-Mission of Islam is RAHMATAN LIL ALAMIN (Mercy to all creations), SALAM (Peace) and bringing peace to all the people. He proudly said that Tawi-Tawi is a peaceful province in ARMM. Noting the role of the Ulama, he said that, “No one of the Ulama’ shoul preach terrorism as the Ulama’ are the WARATHUL ANBIYA’ (inheritors of the prophets). Every step we take, military is there to take surveillance upon us. So to avoid any collision there should be continuous dialogues to address and erase the misunderstanding among the Muslim tribes”.
The Executive Director of the Regional Darul-Ifta’, Aleem Abdulmuhmin A. Mujahid presented the Overview on the ARMM Ulama’ Summit against Terrorism. Aleem Mujahid tackled on how this summit came about and and how it all started. He said that RDI is mandated to promote moderation in Islam and in religion. He further related that the RDI conducted series of conferences and workshops to address the need to help the Ulama in the intervention in their locality to prevent the thriving popularity of the terrorist especially in Bangsamoro places that are below poverty line. He said that the Ulama have religious obligation to guide the spiritual development of the Muslims to define, clarify and articulate the real teachings of Islam, explain that Islam is about ‘wasatiyyah’, not extremism and that Islam is about humanity, not terrorism. He emphasized that it is imperative for every Ulama to promote “Wassatiya”, that Islam is about moderation, not extremism. He cited the 13 Doctrines of the ISIS that they believe and taught to their recruits.
After which, Aleem Mujahid presented the tokens of appreciation to City Mayor Cynthia Sayadi-Guiani, Commissioner Mufti Abdulwahid Inju and Lt.Gen. Carlito Galvez Jr. followed by the picture taking with the Resource Speakers.
In the afternoon, Ustadz Abdulnasser Mamintal was called to read the Qur’an as an intermission number. After which, the emcee introduced the next Resource Speaker to talk about “Terrorism & Security in the Southern Philippines” by the Western Mindanao Command Commander, Lt.Gen. Carlito Galvez, Jr.
Lt. Gen. Carlito Galvez, Jr. presented the intelligence findings of the Philippine Army as to how these terrorists are now thriving in the Southern Philippines. He presented the likes of the ISIS head Isnilon Hapilon, the Maute Group and the ASG. He said that the International terrorists pour money to terrorist groups to recruit and to gain more supporters by using the money to encourage youth to join them and even the unemployed foreign graduates’ scholars to teach the young religious sector with twisted teachings from the Qur’an with money being the bait.
In the next session, Sheikh Abdulrahman “Abu Hurayra” Udasan, Mufti of Darul Ifta’ of the Bangsamoro and he discussed on Countering Extremism through Religious Rehabilitation & Intervention. He explained that the Islamic terms should be mainly based on the Holy Qur’an & the Hadith. He defined Islam. He said that Islam is SUBMISSION (to the Will of Allah), Islam is PEACE (which counters terrorism), Islam is DIN (religion) of ACCOMMODATION, not marginalization, Islam is DIN (religion) of SOCIALIZATION, and not dissociation. The Islamic way of dealing the people is through kindness and gentleness. He said Islam is peace which starts within the innermost self of the individual, then the family and then peace in the society. Fighting is justified only in defence against, for example,
persecution until they desist from fighting and persecution stops. There should be no killing of children, women, old men/women, persons seeking refuge and no cutting of trees, no killing of animals. The Islamic Law on War is similar to Geneva Peace Accord. No prohibition to deal with non-Muslims except if they initiate fighting and persecute against you (Muslims). He then said that Islam is a moderate way of life and socio-political system and Islam encourages preparation for strength (AL-ANFAL: 16), no killing of innocent non-Muslims except their combatants fighting against Muslims, and killing of an innocent person is a sort of terrorism. He laid down the definition of QISAS as a law of equity, not a law of retribution; it is also in the Bible, Torah & Gospels. Life for a life was written in the old Holy Books. He further relates that Islamic Shari’ah is a very beautiful, organic whole and you can’t feel it good unless you have implemented it in whole. It is like a part of the body; if one is severed, it is not looking good or it is like a machine; if one part is defective, the whole of it is defective. The institution of Zakah is lacking as part of rehabilitation program in Islam. Economic development in the Moro land is important to drive away any evil forces in our community.
After Mufti Hurayra’s lecture, the emcee opened the floor for Open Forum.
Q #1. ABUBAKAR: As presented by LT. GEN. GALVEZ, Muslims are terrorists, while MUFTI UDASAN presented that Islam is against terrorism. How it is reconciled?
Ans #1. MUFTI UDASAN: Muslims are of 3 categories:1) apostate ( murtadd) like Musailimah Al-Kazzab during the Caliph Abubakar; 2) Khawarij during the time of Caliph ALI Bin ABI TALIB; and 3) Highway robbers.
Collective Muslim military actions against them have been justified.
Bur real Muslims that are practicing 5 Pillars of Islam and not killing other Muslims are not subject to military action or killing.
Q #2. ALIM AMINODDIN from Lanao del Sur: Is terror justified in defence of terror against the terrorists?
Ans #2. MUFTI UDASAN: The dead body of Prophet’s Uncle Hamja was mutilated but the Prophet did not mutilate any person nor order to mutilate.
Patience is better and the Prophet is but the best exemplar in all aspects of life. The Sahabah were severe against their enemies but compassionate among themselves.
Q #3. ALIMAH: It is said that peace cannot be achieved without unity and solidarity. Why MNLF & MILF could hardly be unified and joined together?
Ans #3. MUFTI UDASAN:In Surah An-Nisa’, Muslims are commanded to obey Allah and to obey the Messenger and the people in authority. If there is difference of ideas among them, it should be referred to the Qur’an and the Sunnah. In Surah Al-Hujurat, reconciliation is first sought but one who continues hostility, should be fought by Muslims.
Q #4. MUFTI PASIGAN from Davao City: We request the copies of printed presentations.
Session 3 tackles on the Stand of Islam on Extremism and Terrorism by the ARMM Grand Mufti Dr. Aboulkhair Tarason. He said that the purpose of the presentation is the sharing of ideas about terrorism in Islamic viewpoint. Many people have suspected Muslims as terrorists and attributed terrorism as part of religion. Terrorism has no origin in Islam. The solution to eliminate terrorism is only if we fully practice Islam. AL-GHULUW FID DIN (the extremism in religion) is HARAM (prohibited) according to Shari’ah. There is a consensus of FATWA (religious legal ruling) issued recently by RDI-ARMM that terrorism (AL-IRHAB) in its technical definition is prohibited. The Hadith of the Prophet encourages us to have mercy to all creatures. The factors that cause the terrorism are:
- ignorance of religion,
- social environment
He said, Terrorism is committed by either individual or group of individual or institution. There is misconception regarding the SALAFI & WAHABI who are not actually terrorists. Khawarij is a sectarian group of Muslims who justifies the killing of their fellow Muslims due to the commission of major sins. Some people have limited idea about JIHAD. According to some, JIHAD is waging war. This is not true. There are many dimensions of JIHAD:
- JIHADUN NAFS (inner struggle of self against evil desire),
- JIHADUSH SHAYTAN (struggle against the temptation of Satan), these two are FARDHU AYN (individual obligation),
- IHADUL KUFFAR: this is JIHAD in defence against non-Muslims.
He said that Islam in essence promotes and encourages Muslims to have peaceful co-existence with other people. According to Imam Shafie, Imam Hanbali & Imam Abu Hanifa, Muslims can live in non-Muslim dominated countries. TAKFIR WA TABDI’ (condemning other Muslims as disbelievers and innovators in religion), kidnapping and suicide-bombing are HARAM (forbidden) and KHURUJ FIL AMRI BIL MA’RUF WAN NAHYI ANIL MUNKAR (going outside the limit of commanding what is good and forbidding what is evil). TA’ASSUB FI RA’Y (fanaticism in religious thought i.e. adhering and favouring only one school of Islamic thought and rejecting others) may become a cause of sectarianism and extremism.
Finally, Dr. Tarason laid down the Ways of countering terrorism are:
- review of Islamic references; AHLAQ (good manner) is lacking in some Ulama’; TAQWA (piety) and HUSNUL KHULUQ (good moral) are means of entrance to Paradise,
- local government leaders must be pro-active,
- committee of experts will converge to address the problem on terrorism,
- financial problem hampers peace program,
- continuous advocacy on peace and anti-terrorism,
- skills empowerment seminar for ulama’,
- LGU as front liners to combat terrorism,
- external factors ,i.e. security of people and places,
- right Islamic education to children and women and no children left uncared by mothers, 10) fatwa of ulama’ should be scrutinized well.
Prof. Abhoud Syed Lingga, Chairman of the Institute of Bangsamoro Studies gave his lecture on Factors that may trigger Radicalization of Muslim Community in the Philippines. He said that, “Radicalism is use or support of terrorism and other forms of violence. It includes the willingness to use or justify violence to attain political goals.” He related that the Muslim community in Mindanao has the tradition of being tolerant. Muslims had welcomed Christian settlers to their homeland. MNLF & MILF have not committed acts of terrorism. He enumerated the Factors of radicalization are:
- frustration to attain goal and the use of radical method to attain their goal
- Anti-Muslim biases,
- presence of radical Muslims,
- presence of government through deep penetration agents,
- Communist recruitment.
He laid down his recommendations to address the problem of terrorism by:
- Engaging the terrorist with the narrative of methodology, Implementation of the peace agreements,
- Showing that peace and justice can be achieved through peaceful means.
The next session 5 on Violent Extremism and Influence of DAESH in South East Asia lectured and presented by Sheikh Esmael W. Ibrahim, Former NCMF Commissioner. He narrated the story of the history of Daesh and extremism. In May 2015, South East Asia had emerged as a key recruitment center for ISIS as said Prime Minister of Singapore. ISIS is determined to declare at least one province in Asia in 2016 (ROHAN GURANATRA). Basilan is made as the main base of ISIS.
After the presentation, the emcee opened the floor for questions.
Q #1. PROF. ALIH SAKALURAN: Who is behind the terrorist?
Ans. #1. USTADZ ESMAIL IBRAHIM: Al-Qaedah was founded in Afghanistan and led by Osama bin Laden.
- TARASON commented: Unity of Ummah is the solution to disintegration. If worldly matters dominate, the disunity of Muslims may happen.
SHEIKH JAMAL MUNIB also commented: There is a concerted efforts of non-Muslims to destroy Islam.
Q #2. Participant from Davao City: According to AFP, DAESH & ISIS are using social media to recruit. Why should ARMM don’t use and make TV for correct teaching of Islam?
Ans.#2. RDI-ARMM Executive Director ABDULMUHMIN MUJAHID: That should be taken as part of the workshop output.
Before Day 2 ended, the over-all Facilitator and RDI Consultant, Prof. Alih Sakaluran Aiyub gave his instruction on the workshop groupings according to issues such as:
- Religion-spiritual intervention
- Psychological intervention
- Social intervention
- Educational intervention
- Economic intervention
- Security intervention
- Politico-legal intervention
DAY 3 – May 13, 2017: WORKSHOP AND OUTPUT PRESENTATION
Day 3 starts with Exhibitions of the Qur’an Reading Alim Abdulnasser Mamintal, Sheikh Hatta Ismael, Alim Aboulkhair, Alim Umar Lukman and Sheikh Harun Sali. Alim Morad Amanoddin, Mufti of Lanao gave the Opening Du’a.
Prof. Alih Aiyub called on all the groups to work together. Each group were assigned with facilitator and brought to the different venues inside the ORG compound.
|@ RCBW Conference Room||ALIM ABDULHADI DAGUIT|
|@ DPWH Conference Room||Basilan Vice Governor ALIM YUSOP|
|@ DILG Conference Room||SHEIKH SALI MUSA|
|Religion-Spiritual Intervention||Facilitator :|
|@ ORG Badjao Hall||DR. ABOULKHAIR S. TARASON|
|USTADZ HAIDIT A. ASTARANI|
|SHEIKH EISA JAVIER|
|@ RBMO Conference Room||ALIM JAMAL S. MUNIB|
|@ DepEd Conference Room||PROF. ALZAD SATTAR|
|@ RPDO Conference Room||
DR. HASANNOR ALAPA
In the afternoon is the presentation of all the workshop outputs.
|Social Intervention Workshop||Presenter:|
|Output||ALIM ABDULHADI DAGUIT|
|Educational Intervention Workshop||Presenter:|
|Output||PROF. ALZAD SATTAR|
|USEC., Bureau of Madaris|
|Workshop Output||UST. ABDULBARI H. SARAHADIL|
|Economic Intervention Workshop||Presenter:|
|Output||SHEIKH JAMAL MUNIB|
|Security Intervention Workshop||Presenter:|
|Output||SHEIKH SALI MUSA|
|Workshop Output||Basilan Vice Governor|
|ALIM YUSOP ALANO|
|Workshop Output||DR. ABOULKHAIR S. TARASON|
|SHEIKH ISA HABIR|
|Formal Signing of Declaration||Signed by:|
|Against Terrorism||DR. ABOULKHAIR S. TARASON,|
|ARMM Grand Mufti|
|Muftun of ARMM Provinces|
|ALIM ABDULWAHID A. INJU|
|ALIM ABDULMUHMIN MUJAHID|
|RDI-ARMM Executive Director|
|Ulama’ & Alimat|
After the presentation, ALIM SHARIEF JUL ASIRI ABIDIN, Mufti of Sulu and read the draft Declaration against Terrorism. The participants requested the organizer to hear out the suggestions of all the Ulama, A’immah and Asatidz recommendations and suggestions and include it in the declaration.
Then the floor was opened for Open Forum:
Q #1. ALIM SAID HASHIM from Tawi-Tawi: Can the Ulama’ be granted financial assistance from the government?
Ans. #1. RDI-ARMM Exec. Dir. ABDULMUHMIN MUJAHID: The matter should be referred to ARMM Governor MUJIV HATAMAN for policy making. If terrorists had the means to carry out their evil objectives, why the Regional Government cannot extend financial assistance to the jobless Ulama’? There are already some Ulama’ having been given employment and now becoming part of the government. We shall request the Regional Governor to coordinate with the LGUs chief executives for employment of Ulama’.
Q #2. IMAM MAGUID, President of Provincial Assembly of Maguindanao: Mufti of Maguindanao was not requested to sit at the front seat of the VIPs all throughout the program, why? The A’immah is now part of the Darul Ifta’, what do we need to do to strengthen our relation?
Ans. #2. E.D MUJAHID:The selection of Mufti has not yet been made proper and IRR has not yet been approved. The same answer is given to the 2nd question regarding the non-approval of IRR.
DAY 4 – May 14, 2017: PRESENTATION AND SIGNING OF THE DECLARATION
The 4th day started with an Opening Du’a lead by the Deputy Mufti of Maguindanao, Alim Mohammadzaiton Abdulgafor. After the du’a, Prof. Alih Aiyub, Secretary General of Ulama Council of the Philippines gave his synthesis of the workshop outputs.
|There are many||1)||Political|
|dimensions on the||2)||Socio-Cultural|
|causes of terrorism:||3)||Economic|
|Political Dimension:||·||Failure of a political leader to respond to the|
|needs of the people|
|·||Human rights violation|
|Socio-Cultural||·||Ignorance of facts and illiteracy|
|Dimension:||·||Lack of social cohesion between Muslims and|
|·||Disunity of Ulama’ who are graduates from|
|·||Broken families, orphans and widows|
|·||Culture of silence|
|Non-aggressive assertion of rights|
|Economic||·||Access and control of the resources|
|Dimension:||·||Other people exploit the resources|
|·||Lack of livelihood|
|Historical Dimension:||·||Historical injustice|
|Psychological||·||Absence of human security|
|Intervention to||·||Revisiting the curriculum|
|address terrorism:||·||Balanced education ( secular & Islamic)|
|·||Promoting value of heroism|
|·||Security sector organization|
|–||Collaboration with LGUs|
|How to implement:||·||Mosque|
|·||Media ( radio, TV)|
|·||Livelihood for jobless youth|
|·||Formation of organization for youth & mothers|
Prof. Aiyub said that P/CVE can be eradicated with the LGU and community acknowledging and owning the problem. The cooperation of leaders with 3 Sectors: 1) LGUs, 2) security sector, 3) Ulama’ sector is very important to be able respond to P/CVE.
Shiekh Mohammad Salman Sakili called E.D. Alim Abdulmuhmin Mujahid to present the Draft of the Joint Resolution on Peace Advocacy and Policy for Concerned Public Agencies.
Prof. Ali Aiyub called upon all the Ulama for the signing of the Declaration Against Terrorism.