Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all that exist, Blessing and Peace be upon the trustworthy prophet, to his family and companions and those who follow them in performing good deeds until the day of resurrection. Then after that:
Due to many requests received by ARMM-Regional Darul Ifta of the Philippines to issue an Islamic Opinion on Terrorism, the muftis of Darul Ifta conveyed their third en-banc meeting held in Cotabato city on 26/1/1437 H corresponding to 8/11/2015 G.
The Committee on Review and Research met to review the researches presented and drafted the proposed fatwa, after a thorough study, review and deliberation the ARMM Regional Darul Ifta in the Philippines issued the following:
Is defined as an aggression perpetrated by individuals or groups unjustly to the people due to their religion, they will attack them by mere differences in their faith or creed, kidnapping innocent people for ransom, or killing them unjustly and lack of respect to humanity, looting peoples’ properties or doing sabotage acts such bombing masjids, churches, business establishments, bridges, public transportations, power plants, terrorizing innocent Muslims or those who have Covenant and promised for safety, and the like which perpetrated by individuals or groups affiliated to ISIS movement and those adopted their way of destructive methods.
Therefore, the Darul Ifta’ declares the following:
- To stir up unrest and chaos in the society, killing innocent people, individually or group, bombing places of worship, intimidating citizens, kidnapping people are called mischief and terrorism. Terrorism and mischief cannot be accepted as synonyms for Jihad or one of struggle’s methods because our religion commands us to be compassionate to all beings in the land. The basic purpose of Islam is to preserve the religion, the self, the mind, the property and the dignity of all persons.
- Crimes that carry extremism, violence and terrorism of the ISIS movements, organizations, or the similar groups as being based on Islamic sources are nothing more than unfounded allegations. Islam cannot approve criminal and terrorist practices, because attacking innocent people, robbing their money unjustly taking their infallible lives, diffusion terror and fear in the hearts of the faithful persons is forbidden in Islam or in our Islamic law; Islam came to provide great happiness for human being, and maintaining non-aggression as one of the purposes of our Islamic Law, spoiling properties and looting money are forbidden in Islam, extremism is one of the examples of spreading mischief on the earth, Allah the Almighty said: (And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order) [5:56], the assault on the Muslim infallible self or non-Muslim live unjustly is forbidden, Allah says: (and whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is hell to abide therein, and the wrath of Allah upon him and prepared for him a great punishment) An-Nisa: 93),
Allah also said: “For that, We prescribed to the Children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind.) Al-Maidah:32.
All Muslims shall stay away from any criminal acts, help each other to inform the people of what is beneficial to achieve the security and stability in the community.
Allah the Almighty knows best, His Blessings and Peace be upon our prophet Muhammad to his family and companions.
Signed by Darul Ifta members in Zamboanga City on 29/12/2015.
Darul Ifta Members:
Dr. AboulkhairS. Tarason
Sharif Jul Asiri J. Abirin
Abdulgani A. Alawi
Morad T. Amanoddin
Samsodin M. Dimaporo