Study Group on Effective Formulation of Khutbah, Muhadara and Da’wah

COTABATO CITY (October 8-12, 2018) – Government called upon all the stakeholders to help prevent radicalization. In a bid to counter violent extremism, ARMM Regional Darul-Ifta’ launched the activities for countering and preventing violent extremism and terrorism lead by the Ulama. These activities calls for  “stronger partnerships with communities, civil society groups, public sector institutions and industry”.

“Radicalization” is a politically charged, potentially divisive, discourse. It signals complicity in stigmatising particularly the Bangsamoro communities – while ignoring the policies that fuel their anger and alienation.

The Primer on Violent Extremism and Terrorism is an effective tool to facilitate conversations about hateful extremism at a community level. The approach is to deliver it through Khutbah in the Masajid.

It is a great opportunity for the Regional Darul-Ifta’ to educate the people about the damaging impact of engaging in violent extremism and terrorism. The right information gave opportunity for communities to stand up to stigmatisation, engage in dialogue and to show their strength and resilience. Not only in picking up the pieces after terrorist attacks, but in safeguarding each other in a way that makes their occurrence less likely.

The objective of this activity is to review, edit and finalize the Primer on Violent Extremism and Terrorism before publication and printing for distribution to the different Masajid, LGUs and even schools.

Salah (prayer), which is 2nd pillar of the religion Islam, is obligatory for all Muslims to offer five times a day on fixed times. The Friday prayer has a greater status in this regard, which is carried out by the male Muslims (who are free, healthy, sane and not travelling) in mosque in the afternoon instead of the regular Duhur Namaz, having different format in terms of number of Rakats. The distinction of Salah on this day is evident from the fact that there is a separate Surah “Al-Jumu`ah” (the congregation, Friday) in the Holy Quran, in which Allah SWT has mentioned about strictly maintaining it.

The importance of listening Friday Khutbah with Silence is so much so that Prophet (s.a.w) said: “If you say to your companion, ‘Listen attentively’ on a Friday when the imam is delivering the khutbah, then you have engaged in idle speech.”Narrated by al-Bukhaari (934) and Muslim (851). So, reward of Jummah depends upon the alertness of the listener.

“Whoever washes his head and his body (ghusl) on Friday, then sets out early, is present at the beginning of the khutbah and is close (to the imam), then listens attentively, for every step he takes he will have the reward of fasting and praying qiyaam for one year” ( Al-Tirmidhi ,496).

The khuṭbah can take various forms, the most common form is the weekly Friday sermon, which is a pre-requisite for the congregational Friday prayer. The word jumʿah (Friday), the name of the day during which the khuṭbah is delivered, is derived from the Arabic verb jamaʿa, which means to gather, to collect, and to unite. The institution of the jumʿah prayer brings together Muslims in congregation for the fulfillment of this weekly obligatory ritual. Hence, praying in congregation is a condition for the validity of the Friday service, which explains the relationship between the words jumʿah (Friday) and jamaʿah (congregation).

The Friday Congregational Prayer (Jum’ah) can tackle current issues related to peace and security, preventing and countering violent extremism, drugs, bribery, economics, governance, human rights, human trafficking, violence against women and children and care for the environment and natural resources affecting the Bangsamoro in general.

A Unified Khutbah can be a form of campaign to inculcate values and emphasizing the significance of imbibing the teachings of Islam to contribute in making the Bangsamoro communities in the ARMM region peacefully co-existing with the non-Muslim sectors in the community and a promotion of Islam amongst the Bangsamoro.

The first topic discussed is on The Importance of Children’s Education. To seek knowledge is a sacred duty; it is obligatory on every Muslim, male and female. “IQRA BIISMI RABBIKA ALLAZI KHALQ”. Read! In the name of your Lord who created (all that exists). Surah Al’Alaq 96:1

The first word revealed to our Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him) from Allah SWT was “Iqra” which means to “Read! To seek knowledge! Educate yourselves! Be Educated. As our Prophet (PBUH) said “TALAB UL ILMU FARIZATUN ALA KULLI MUSLIM”. Acquiring knowledge is obligatory on every Muslim, the Knowledge of Truth and Wisdom.

The Hadith of Prophet (PBUH) also emphasizes the value of knowledge. As the following Hadith narrated by Abu Hurrairah notes: (Sahih Muslim: Book 12, Hadith 4005) “When a man dies, his acts come to an end, but three, recurring charity, or knowledge (by which people benefit), or a pious son, who prays for him (the deceased).”

We are reminded on the importance of understanding the Quran and how correct religious knowledge could protect us and our family from confusion and deviation.

The second topic is on Preserving Our Relationship with the Qur’an. As Muslims, it is our responsibility, to express our love for the Quran. In fact, reciting the Quran is not just an act of worship, it can also be a form of therapy and a source of healing for those whose hearts is troubled. In a hadith, Rasulullah s.a.w. mentioned: “No people gather in the house of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah and studying it among themselves, except that tranquility descends upon them, mercy covers them, the angels surround them and Allah makes mention of them to those in His presence.” [Hadith reported by Imam Muslim]

It is thus crucial that we recognize the objective of the Quran, which extends beyond its melodious recitation to incorporate a deep sense of understanding on the advice and lessons contained within.

 In this session, the panel also addresses pressing issues on Halal that truly affects the daily life of the Bangsamoro. As discussed by the group, that Halal must be included not only in Khutbah but also in Muhadarah and Da’wah to help the Bangsamoro understand the real importance of Halal in the daily life.

After which, they proceeded with the third topic on Nurturing a Family that Yearns for Paradise. It states that Muslims who is not taking any action, this desire to enter paradise will forever remain unfulfilled. Besides praying for our families, it is also required that we strive to achieve the objectives that will grant us residence in Paradise with our loved ones.

The fourth topic is on Sharing our Blessing with Others. It states that among the bestowals that Allah s.w.t. has blessed us with is the gift of wealth, health, knowledge, protection from tragedies, peace in our homeland, the prosperity of our country, and many more.

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